Krakow nature reserves
Cracow may seem very attractive place for nature lovers. In this city there are over forty parks, where you can walk and spend time in nature. One of the most interesting places of city in terms of nature are also river valleys and reservoirs located within a specific corridor of the Vistula River. In addition, in Cracow there are several nature reserves and more than two hundred natural monuments, most of which are trees. Visiting all of these sites can definitely be a highlight of a visit to Cracow. Satisfied with your stay in city may also be people who have decided to visit one of the spas. They can benefit from the healing baths and wellness treatments.
The KrakÃ³w-CzÄ™stochowa Upland
The KrakÃ³w-CzÄ™stochowa Upland, also known as the Polish Jurassic Highland or Polish Jura (Polish: Jura Krakowsko-CzÄ™stochowska), is part of the Jurassic System of south?central Poland, stretching between the cities of KrakÃ³w, CzÄ™stochowa and WieluÅ„. The Polish Jura borders the Lesser Polish Upland to the north and east, the foothills of the Western Carpathians to the south and the Silesian Upland to the west.
The Polish Jura consists of a hilly landscape with Jurassic limestone rocks, cliffs, valleys and vast limestone formations, featuring some 220 caves. The relief of the upland developed since the Paleogene, under climatic conditions changing considerably. Its main component is a peneplain, crowned by monadnocks, rocky masses that resisted erosion, generated as hard rock on Late Jurassic buildup surrounded by less resistant bedded limestone of the same age.1 The Polish Jura is visited by roughly 400,000 visitors a year. Part of it belongs to the OjcÃ³w National Park, the smallest of Poland's twenty national parks, ranking among the most attractive recreational areas of the country.2
Cracow - afrer 1018
After the war, under the Polish People's Republic, the intellectual and academic community of KrakÃ³w was put under total political control. The universities were soon deprived of printing rights and autonomy.63 The Stalinist government ordered the construction of the country's largest steel mill in the newly created suburb of Nowa Huta.64 The creation of the giant Lenin Steelworks (now Sendzimir Steelworks owned by Mittal) sealed KrakÃ³w's transformation from a university city to an industrial centre.65 The new working class, drawn by the industrialisation of KrakÃ³w, contributed to rapid population growth.
In an effort that spanned two decades, Karol WojtyÅ‚a, cardinal archbishop of KrakÃ³w, successfully lobbied for permission to build the first churches in the new industrial suburbs.6566 In 1978, WojtyÅ‚a was elevated to the papacy as John Paul II, the first non-Italian pope in 455 years. In the same year, UNESCO placed KrakÃ³w Old Town on the first-ever list of World Heritage Sites.